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USA 1967
Directed by
Mike Nichols
105 minutes
Rated M

Reviewed by
Bernard Hemingway
3.5 stars

The Graduate

The Graduate is an iconic '60s movie both because it marked the mainstream entertainment industry's acknowledgement of non-regulation sexual behaviour amongst otherwise conventional peopls (Nichols originally offered the Mrs Robinson role to Doris Day who turned it down for its dubious morals) and for its portrayal of a "confused" young man just starting to respond to the Zeitgeist shift in values. Far from being in any way radical, in many ways it feels curiously out-of-date by a good few years particularly in some of the street scenes which show the already pervasive influence of hippie culture something which would be explained by the fact that the original novel by Charles Webb was published in 1963. This feeling is compounded by the fact that Dustin Hoffman, in his first major screen appearance, at the age of thirty is way too old to play the twenty-one year old his character is supposed to be (his New York Jewish accent is yet another issue).  For all this, the quality script by Buck Henry (although Calder Wallingham has a writing credit his version was never used), the fine performances by Hoffman and Anne Bancrof in particulart, Robert Surtees' unvarnished lensing and Nichols' efficient directing make for a winning package.

Hoffman plays Benjamin Braddock, newly arrived back home in southern California after successfully completing his college degree. His parents are well-to-do middle class suburbanites who expect him to do great things but Benjamin is not sure what he wants to do. First he meets Mrs Robinson (Bancroft in an  image-defining role) and starts an affair at her behest, then after being pushed into a date with her daughter, Elaine (Katharine Ross) he finds true love with her but the mother isn’t happy,

Although the film is thematically related to Rebel Without A Cause (1955), with his tie and sports jacket, neatly combed hair and sports car, the clean-cut Benjamin seems oddly out of time in 1967. The Simon and Garfunkel soundtrack masks the disparity somewhat but really Benjamin's urgent desire to get married shows how little he has understood his "confusion" or the experimental imperatives of the '60s

The film is best in its early stages simply because the incongruity is less obvious, the satire is amusing and the cat-and-mouse relationship between Benjamin and Mrs Robinson is deftly realized. Once Elaine enters the scene and Mrs Robertson drops out of sight it becomes more plot-driven (and quite superficially so) only peaking again with the oft-quoted closing scene of Benjamin’s heartfelt cry to Elaine through the huge portico window of the church church where she is about to marry someone else and their subsequent absconding the parental straitjacket intended for them. Although there is a classically hanging ending, wisely, there wasn't a sequel with them as flower-children)

Audiences of the time identified with the film and it was a smash hit with Mike Nichols surprisingly winning the Best Director Oscar for that year over Arthur Penn whose Bonnie and Clyde received little love from the Academy, whilst the Best Film Oscar went to Norman Jewison's In The Heat Of The Night.




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